What are the 'alphabetic' hieroglyphs?
If you remember from the page on the different kinds of hieroglyphs, some stand for a single letter sound. For example, stands for r, and stands for d.
We call all the hieroglyphs which stand for one letter sound the alphabetic hieroglyphs, because they are a bit like our alphabet. You can use them to write out names. Here they all are:
1. there was no v or th sound in ancient Egyptian, so we use the f instead
2. these are sounds - so the c of is a hard c as in cat, not as in ice
3. , kh, is a throaty sound like the Scottish ch in loch. It's the last sound in ankh.
4. was only a z in the Old Kingdom. Later on it was an s.
5. was a j as in jam. Usually in books on Egyptian writing it's written as dj.
6. was ch as in church. Usually in books on Egyptian writing it's written as tj.