Taweret was a goddess of childbirth. With the help of her assistant Bes, she protected women in pregnancy and during birth. Childbirth was a very dangerous time for women and for babies, and the Egyptians believed that prayers and offerings to Taweret would help both survive. Her name means 'the Great One'.

Taweret was usually shown as a pregnant hippo with pendulous breasts, a headdress, and a long tail. Her head was partly like a crocodile's, and she had lion's feet. She was popular among normal people, who often decorated their houses with images of her.