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Giza - the most famous pyramid site in Egypt.


From left to right: the pyramids of Menkaure's queens at the front, and behind, the pyramids of Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. Khufu's seems smaller as it is further away, and also built on lower ground, but it is slightly taller than Khafre's pyramid.

Famous Pyramids 

About 100 pyramids were built in Egypt, but many were not constructed strongly and have collapsed (see below). The most famous pyramids were made more carefully and have lasted well, despite being over four thousand years old.

Follow these links to learn some fascinating facts about the pyramids - their size, whom they were built for, the chambers inside, and more.


Timeline of the pyramids and pharaohs

Map showing main pyramid locations


The Great Pyramid of Khufu (and his queens' pyramids)

The Pyramid of Khafre (and the Great Sphinx)

The Pyramid of Menkaure (and his queens' pyramids)

The Step Pyramid

The Pyramids of Sneferu (father of Khufu): the Pyramid of Meidum, the Bent Pyramid, and the Red Pyramid

Later pyramids, with Pyramid Texts and treasures

The pyramid of Userkaf at Saqqara. The middle was made of roughly cut limestone blocks, and the outer casing stones of finely cut Tura limestone. When the casing stones were robbed, the middle eventually fell apart. Most pyramids in Egypt are in poor shape for the same reason - some were even made with mud bricks.

The Bent Pyramid of Sneferu at Dahshur. The second of Sneferu's pyramids, the angle was changed half way because of subsidence inside the pyramid.


The Step Pyramid of King Djoser - the first pyramid ever built, at Saqqara, south of Giza.