Lesson plans for Hieroglyphs

Reading Egyptian sentences 

1. Print out all of the following table onto two sheets for children to translate Egyptian sentences in class. Alternatively you can get them to do it all on the computer (the link is on the hieroglyphs page). I recommend putting all of this onto a transparency too.


A few other hieroglyphs you'll need to know:

son or daughter   of, from, in, at   or
plural (makes a word more than one, like dogs or cats)     or at the end of the word this oval means that what's inside is the name of a royal person, like a king or queen  

How Egyptian sentences are put together

A lot of the words are back to front in Egyptian sentences. Look at these rules:


A sentence in English How it's written in Egyptian

1. In a sentence, the verb comes first

I run run I
  I love you love I you
2. Adjectives come after the word they describe The beautiful girl girl beautiful
3. Words like my and your come after the word they describe My mother mother my
  Your dog dog your

4. Usually you don't need to say am, are, or is

John is cool John cool
  I am great I great
5. There is no the or a The dog chased the cat chased dog cat

2. Point out the extra hieroglyphs they will not have seen in the workshop.

3. Go over the grammar rules carefully. They will have forgotten them. These rules are explained in more detail on this page. If you let children do all of this on the computer, you will still need to remind them of the grammar rules. Also, on the computer they will need a password to go to the answers page. The password is obelisk.

4. When children have written all their answers, go over each one explaining the sentence construction. If all of this seems too much, just give them easiest ones, which are 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10.


1. I go to school every day. 7. Manchester United are cool.
2. The good scribe comes from Egypt. 8. Manchester City are great.
3. My father loves your mother. 9. I know the magic of the gods.
4. The king says your dog is vile. 10. A friend forever is excellent
5. My cat is clever. 11. The good god, great king, son of Re, Ramses, living forever.
6. I want to kiss you.  

The children may have some variations which are also correct - for example, 6. I love to kiss you, or I like kissing you, etc.; 10. An excellent friend forever (though this is not strictly a sentence).